Education is the process of acquiring skills, beliefs, morals, and values etc. Educational methods include training, discussion, and research. There are two types; formal and informal. Formal education has these stages: Kindergarten, Primary School, Secondary School and University.

Meaning of education

Origin of education

The word “education” originated from a Latin word education which means bringing up or raise up

History of education

It began in prehistory, as adults trained young people in knowledge and skills deemed necessary in their society. This was achieved verbally and through imitation. As beliefs began to spread their knowledge beyond skills that formal education developed.

Formal education

This takes place within school environment with students in the classrooms learning together with a certified teacher.

Types of formal education

i. Preschool

Preschools range from ages three to seven, depending on the country. These are also known as nursery schools and as kindergarten

ii. Primary

This consists of the first five to seven years of formal education. It consists of six to eight years of education from age of five or six, this varies in some countries.

iii. Secondary

This happens during teenage years. It is categorized by evolution from the typically compulsory, complete principal education for minors, to the optional Tertiary institution.

iv. Tertiary

It is the elective educational level that follows the completion of high or secondary school. This is for undergraduate and postgraduate studies. Individuals who are through with tertiary institution generally obtain diplomas, certificates or academic degrees.

v. Vocational

This is a form of teaching that focuses on direct and applied training for a precise trade or craft. Vocational education may come in the form of an internship or placement etc.

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Other forms of education

i. Alternative

This was formed as part of a reaction to perceived limitations and failings of traditional education. Extensive range of educational approaches emerged, including self-learning, homeschooling, and unschooling.

ii. Indigenous

This refers to the addition of indigenous knowledge, representations, procedures, and content within formal and non-formal educational systems.

Furthermore, it can enable home-grown communities to reclaim and increase their languages and cultures, and in so doing, advance the educational success of indigenous students.

iii. Informal learning

This usually takes place outside an educational setting. It does not follow a definite core curriculum. It is not planned to be academically conscious, systematic but rather intuitively incidentally.

iv. Self-directed learning

It is also called autodidactic, a contemplative, absorbing process, of learning by yourself. Some autodidacts invest a great time carrying research at resource libraries and educational websites. A person can become an autodidact at any point in their lives. While some may have been well-versed in a conventional manner about a particular field or other unrelated areas. Examples are:

Abraham Lincoln(President of USA),

Michael Faraday (chemist and physicist),

Charles Darwin (naturalist),

Thomas Alva Edison (inventor),

George Bernard Shaw (playwright),

Frank Zappa (composer, recording engineer, film director),

Leonardo da Vinci (engineer, scientist, mathematician).

v. Open education and electronic technology

It is fast growing to become the leading form. For many reasons such as its productivity and outcomes associated with traditional methods.

Due to the popularity of open education, these new kind of academic certificates are becoming more popular and equal to traditional degrees]

Educational theory

Educational psychology

This is how humans learn in educational settings. The terms “educational psychology” and “school psychology” are used interchangeably. Some scholars and theoreticians are likely to be acknowledged as educational psychology. This is concerned with the development of educational accomplishment in the overall population. Even in sub-populations such as talented children and those with disabilities.

Purpose of education

There is no extensive consensus as to what the central aims are or should have been. Some authors pressure its value to the individual, highlighting its potential for positively persuading students’ development. It personally encourages autonomy, forming a cultural uniqueness or creating a career or profession. Other authors underscore education’s donations to societal purposes, including good citizenship, modeling students into prolific affiliates of society. Thereby, promoting society’s broad economic development, and conserving cultural values.

The future of education

Many nations are now drastically shifting the way they educate their residents. The world is shifting at an ever-accelerating rate. Which means that a lot of knowledge turn out to be obsolete and imprecise more quickly. The importance is, therefore, shifting to teaching the skills of learning. In picking up new knowledge quickly and in as agile a way as possible. Schools have even started to move away from the steady subject-focused curricula, introducing instead developments like phenomenon-based learning. Where students study concepts like climate change instead.

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